Here are ten great words that I’ve recently come across and didn’t know but now I do; definitions from the Oxford English Dictionary.
1. Adumbrate: To represent beforehand by a figure or type; to be an early indication or version of; to foreshadow. Also, to symbolize.
2. Genuflect: to bend the knee, esp. in worship.
3. Homuncular: a term used, generally, in various fields of study to refer to any representation of a small human being. Popularized in sixteenth century alchemy and nineteenth century fiction, it has historically referred to the creation of a miniature, fully formed human. The concept has roots in preformationism as well as earlier folklore and alchemic traditions (sourced from Wikipedia.)
4. Jargogle: To confuse, jumble (circa 1600s.)
5. Pejorative: A word or expression which by its form or context expresses or implies contempt for the thing named; a derogatory word or form.
6. Polyglot: of a person that speaks, writes, or understands a number of languages.
7. Redolent: Originally: having or diffusing a pleasant smell, aroma, or scent; sweet-smelling, fragrant. In later use chiefly: strong smelling, pungent.
8. Skullduggery: underhand dealing, roguish intrigue or machination, trickery.
9. Snollygoster: a shrewd, unprincipled person, esp. a politician.
10. Zoilist: a censorious, malignant, or envious critic. Derived from Zoilus, a fourth century B.C. critic famous for his severe criticism of Homer.